On the occasion of the World Day for Struggle with Diabetes, the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Diseases and the Specialized Eye Hospital – Varna will organize screening for patients with diabetes mellitus for early detection of diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetes mellitus is a serious problem worldwide. According to some studies, in 2025 the number of people with diabetes will increase by 50% worldwide and will reach over 300 million.
There are a number of complications caused by diabetes which affect the quality of the patients' lives and in many cases they present a socially significant problem. One of them is diabetic retinopathy which is a leading cause for blindness among the population in working capacity in the economically advanced countries. Diabetic retinopathy consists in microangiopathy affecting the vessels of the retina. The main risk factors for its development include the history of diabetes, poor glycemic control, hypertension and hyperlipidemia. After a 15-year history of diabetes mellitus type I, 75%-95% of the patients have developed retinopathy and in those with diabetes mellitus type II, 60% develop it.
At the onset, the disease occurs asymptomatically and therefore, it is of utmost importance for the patients with diabetes to undergo prophylactic examinations after pupil dilatation. In established diabetic retinopathy, the possibilities for treatment include laser photocoagulation and the intravitrial medication application which was introduced in the recent years.
The target group in the screening which will be carried out on November 14th 2013, will cover patients with diabetes mellitus type I with a history of over 5 years and those with diabetes mellitus type II irrespective of its history, with diabetic retinopathy not established so far.
The examinations will be performed in the Specialized Eye Hospital – Varna following a preliminary appointment on tel. 052/ 63 49 01.
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Z. Zlatarova from the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Diseases based in the Specialized Eye Hospital – Varna works actively with her colleagues both on the scientific aspects of diabetic retinopathy and the diagnostic and treatment of this disease.